The region is famous for growing oranges and cotton. Vidarbha holds two-thirds of Maharashtra’s mineral resources, three quarters of its forest resources and is a net producer of power.Throughout its history Vidarbha has remained much calmer during the communal troubles than the rest of India but it is plagued very much by poverty and malnutrition.It is less economically prosperous compared to the rest of Maharashtra.
In recent times, there have been calls for a separate state of Vidarbha, due to the continuous negligence from the Government of Maharashtra towards this region and the incompetent political leaderships in Vidarbha, except a few. The farmers in the state are living in the worst condition compared to the rest of India. There are more than 32,000 farmers suicides in Maharashtra in a decade, of which 70% being in the 11 districts of Vidarbha region. Though rich in minerals, coal, forests and mountains, this region is always underdeveloped because of the continuous dominance of the political leaderships form the other parts of the state, especially Western Maharashtra. Though being culturally, politically and financially different than the rest of Maharashtra, the calls to a separate state come in picture only when the leaders from this region are sidelined by the other higher authorities in the govt. of Maharashtra.It has largely become a myth as a separate Vidarbha state, mainly due to the opposition from the state political party Shiv Sena.
Vidarbha has total population of 20,630,987 according to the 2001 census of the government of India.Hinduism is the predominant religion in this region. Buddhism is second most followed religion.This is unusual compared to the rest of Maharashtra and even most north Indian states where usually Islam is second most followed religion. The significant following of Buddhism is due to Dalit Buddhist movementstarted by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar.
Vidarbha's economy is primarily agricultural and also the region is rich in forest and mineral wealth. As per business point of view Chandrapur Amaravati and Nagpur are important cities of Vidarbha. Nagpur is a central hub for business. Amaravari is the city which is well know for film distributors and its cloth market. Chandrapur has the thermal power station which is one of the biggest thermal power station in india and some other heavy industries such as BILT (Paper Industry) MEL, steel industries, cement industries and coal mines.
A International cargo hub, (MIHAN), is being developed at Nagpur.MIHAN will be used for handling heavy cargo coming from South-East Asia and Middle-East Asia. Project will also include Rs 10,000 crore (US$ 2.2 billion) Special Economic Zone (SEZ) for Information Technology (IT) companies. This will be the biggest development project in India so far.
Vidarbha has lush green deciduous forests which are home to a variety of flora and fauna. These attract a large number of visitors each year. All Maharashtra's tiger reserves are located in Vidarbha. They are Melghat Tiger Reserve in Amravati district, Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve in Chandrapur district and Pench Tiger Reserve in Nagpur district.Nagzira wild life sentury and navegoan bandh National Park(bird sentury)of Gondia District is also very popular, Although the eastern region of the Vidarbha is poorer in natural resources in comparison with the west, it contains Maharashtra's oldest National Park created in 1955, the Tadoba Tiger Reserve spanning 575.78 km, one of India's 25 Project Tiger Reserves.
The National Park consists of two forested rectangles of the Tadoba and Andhari range. Aside from around 50 tigers, Tadoba Tiger Reserve is home to rare Indian wildlife like leopards, sloth bears, gaur, wild dogs, hyenas, civet and jungle cats, and many species of Indian deer like sambar, cheetal, nilgai, and barking deer. The Tadoba lake sustains the Marsh Crocodile, which were once common all over Maharashtra. Tadoba is also an ornithologist's paradise with a varied diversity of aquatic birdlife.
Thickly clad hills form the northern and western boundary of the Tiger Reserve. To the southwest is a huge lake which acts as a buffer between the park's forest and the extensive farmland which extends up to Irai Lake.
Adjacent to the core forested hills is the Chichghat valley which hosts the forest lodge. The Tadoba Tiger Reserve is an undisturbed forest not crowded by too many tourists. Tadoba Tiger Reserve is open throughout the year and is at three-hour road journey from the city of Nagpur